Data from the Federal Reserve show the household financial obligations ratio, minimum debt service payments plus other financial obligation payments as a share of disposable income, plunged to an all-time low of 13.64 percent in the second quarter (see first chart). Within that measure, the total debt service ratio, minimum debt services payments as a share of disposable income, dropped to 8.69 percent with mortgage debt service coming in at 3.72 percent and other consumer debt service requiring 4.97 percent.
However, disposable personal income for the second quarter was significantly distorted by the massive government transfer payments distributed to offset some of the carnage due to government lockdown policies. Government transfers more than doubled from $3.2 trillion at a seasonally-adjusted annual rate in February to $6.6 trillion in April (see second chart).
Those transfers pushed disposable personal income to $19.0 trillion in April from $16.8 trillion in February. If those transfer payments are excluded, disposable personal income would plunge to $12.4 trillion in April from $13.6 trillion in February (see second chart).
If the financial obligations ratio were recalculated using the disposable income excluding transfers data, the ratio would jump to 19.8 percent in the second quarter from 18.6 percent in the first quarter (see first chart). While that is about midway in the roughly 18 percent to 22 percent range since 1980, it tells a very different story than the financial obligations ratio based on total disposable personal income.
Debt service may become a bigger issue as transfer payments dwindle. Elevated levels of unemployment and ongoing restrictions may lead to worsening financial health including rising bankruptcies for households and businesses. Overall, risks to the economy remain significant.