Articles from Theodore Cangero
The Everyday Price Index (EPI) decreased 0.2 percent in September as lower energy prices offset an increase in food. In contrast, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) increased 0.1 percent in September because of an increase in the price of housing. Housing is not included in the EPI because housing prices are fixed by long-term contracts. The EPI measures prices that change from day-to-day.
The Everyday Price Index (EPI) increased 0.4 percent from May to June, a slightly larger jump than the 0.3 percent increase in the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The somewhat stronger growth in the EPI is consistent with the pace over the previous 12 months, when the EPI increased 2.4 percent compared to a 2.1 percent increase in the CPI. June’s stronger EPI growth was largely due to energy price increases, while food prices restrained both indexes.
The Everyday Price Index (EPI) increased 0.4 percent from March to April, a larger jump than the 0.3 percent increase in the Consumer Price Index (CPI). Both indexes were led higher by food and energy costs. Food away from home increased 0.3 percent making dining out more expensive. Consumers could not avoid higher food prices even by grocery shopping. Food at home increased 0.5 percent with meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (+1.6 percent), fruits and vegetables (+0.5 percent) and bread (+1.8 percent), leading grocery bills higher. On the energy side, motor fuel increased 3.5 percent but household fuels and utilities decreased 1.9 percent as warmer weather finally arrived.
AIER’s Everyday Price Index (EPI) is designed to reflect price changes felt by Americans on a day-to-day basis. AIER is adjusting the methodology of computing the EPI to more accurately account for the spending patterns of American consumers. The improved EPI should better reflect the actual price pressures felt by people in their everyday purchases.
The March Everyday Price Index (EPI) increased 1.4 percent, a much larger jump than the 0.2 percent increase in the Consumer Price Index (CPI). Both indices were led higher by Food and Energy costs. Within Foods, Meats (+1.2 percent), Dairy (+1.0 percent), and Fresh Fruits (+3.1 percent) drove grocery bills higher while the price of dining out also increased (+0.3 percent). On the Energy side, a 5.0 percent increase in Motor Fuel further strained daily budgets.
The February Everyday Price Index (EPI) increased 0.5 percent, in contrast to a 0.4 increase in the not seasonally adjusted Consumer Price Index (CPI-U). The EPI measures the prices of goods and services purchased on a frequent basis. Therefore, the EPI reflects the day-to-day impact on consumer budgets.
The January Everyday Price Index (EPI) ticked down 0.1 percent in contrast to a slight uptick in the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The difference between the EPI and CPI came from a 0.3 percent increase in housing, a component that is not included in the EPI. Housing is excluded from the EPI because purchases are infrequent and prices are contractually fixed.
The U.S. is the world’s third-largest exporter behind China and the European Union. Chart 1 shows the ten largest U.S. export markets in 2013. Taken together, these nations purchase 61.8 percent of U.S. exports. Among the ten, North American neighbors Canada and Mexico top the list. For both Canada and Mexico, the auto industry accounts for a significant share of trade volume. In the third position on the list of largest export markets is China, followed by Japan, the U.K., and Germany (Chart 1).
The Everyday Price Index (EPI) increased 0.2 percent for December in response to record low temperatures across the country. The EPI was led higher by a 0.3 percent increase in household fuels and utilities and by a 0.6 percent increase in motor fuel. On the other hand, the Consumer Price Index increased 0.3 percent led higher by a rebound in housing.