March 16, 2017 Reading Time: 2 minutes

The labor market is gaining strength. The number of open jobs across the economy increased to 5.63 million in January, the ninth highest level on record. The private sector is even more robust with 5.17 million job openings, the fifth highest level on record. Growing confidence in the economy and in the labor market has pushed the number of workers quitting – presumably for new, better jobs – to the highest level since 2000. Initial claims for unemployment insurance remain near historically low levels indicating business are not feeling the need to reduce labor costs. These data point to a robust labor market that is likely to result in somewhat faster wage growth as employers bid to keep or attract the best talent.

Robust economic conditions can be seen in data on the manufacturing sector. Surveys from the Philadelphia Fed and New York Fed suggest manufacturing activity in those regions is gaining momentum. The Business Outlook Survey from the Philly Fed shows 44 percent of respondents saw an increase in general business activity in March and 66 percent expect to see an increase in activity over the next six months. When asked specifically about new orders, 53.4 percent said orders had increased in the latest month and 69.6 percent said they expected orders to increase over the next six months.

New York Fed survey respondents were slightly less optimistic. General business conditions had improved for 34.4 percent of respondents, up from 32.7 percent in February while 39.4 percent saw higher new orders compared to 36.3 percent last month. Expectations for improved general business conditions and new orders six months ahead were reported by 52.7 percent of respondents. Both surveys suggest an improving outlook for manufacturing in those regions.

One area of the domestic economy that continues at modest activity levels is housing. Housing starts and permits for new starts in the future rose in February but overall levels of activity for housing construction remain well below long-run averages. Weakness is particularly evident in the single-family segment where starts ran at an annual rate of 832,000 in February, well below the 1 to 1.5 million annual rate of previous economic expansions.

AIER’s Leaders Index came in at 75 in February, well above the neutral 50 level. Most of the economic data since support those results. The economic expansion continues and the risk of a recession remains low.

Robert Hughes

Bob Hughes

Robert Hughes joined AIER in 2013 following more than 25 years in economic and financial markets research on Wall Street. Bob was formerly the head of Global Equity Strategy for Brown Brothers Harriman, where he developed equity investment strategy combining top-down macro analysis with bottom-up fundamentals.

Prior to BBH, Bob was a Senior Equity Strategist for State Street Global Markets, Senior Economic Strategist with Prudential Equity Group and Senior Economist and Financial Markets Analyst for Citicorp Investment Services. Bob has a MA in economics from Fordham University and a BS in business from Lehigh University.

Get notified of new articles from Robert Hughes and AIER.
AIER - American Institute for Economic Research

250 Division Street | PO Box 1000
Great Barrington, MA 01230-1000

Contact AIER
Telephone: 1-888-528-1216 | Fax: 1-413-528-0103

Press and other media outlets contact
[email protected]

Editorial Policy

This work is licensed under a 
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License,
except where copyright is otherwise reserved.

© 2021 American Institute for Economic Research
Privacy Policy

AIER is a 501(c)(3) Nonprofit
registered in the US under EIN: 04-2121305